Feline Medical bay

 

 

 

Cat First Aid…what you need to know.

Everyone knows how to take care of a dog, right? Feed them, play and love them. What about a cat? They are more independent and need that extra loving care, especially in an emergency. So we are including some quick facts on how to take care of your cat..especially in emergency situations. You can purchase a cat first aid kit…or create your own. Most of the time just a plastic tote bag or large book bag is enough. You should have two of the  them, one for the home and the other the car or when traveling.

The kit should include

Batteries, Latex Gloves(Sterile), EyeWash, Book on Human and pet first aid., Buffered Aspirin

Benedryl, A Blanket, A large bottle of water, Hot Pack(Self activating), Hydrocortisone Cream

Copies of Vet Docs, Thermometer., Pepto Bismal, Flash light, Cotton Balls, Scissors

Tweezers, Sterile pads and bandages, First Aid tape, Hydrogen Peroxide

Rubbing Alcohol, A Leash and a Splint

Have a cell phone also and the Vets number programmed. Make sure you know the branches of the Red Cross in your area. You should also know about Pet Tech. They offer a course on Pet care for about $50. Many of the areas covered are signs of shock…cleaning and bandaging. They also cover insect and snake bites with many other areas.

 

 

 Information provided by our friends at animal.discovery.com

Top 5 deadly cat diseases

We know how attached us humans get to their pets. So we want to know right away when our feline friends get sick, especially if it is deadly. So here is a quick reference of the top 5 diseases and their symptoms. Thanks to our friends at Animal Planet for some of the facts you read here.

According to the Humane Society of theUnited States, there are more than 70 million feral and stray cats roaming the streets. They often carry dangerous diseases so the best thing that you can do to protect your domesticated cat against serious illness is to keep it indoors. By having your feline friend stay inside your cat is less likely to fight with other animals and risk the chance of spreading diseases through wounds. You’ll also keep it away from infection-spreading parasites, including fleas and ticks.

Outdoor cats and those that live in multi-cat homes have the highest risk of disease. Indoor cats and “only cats” can get sick too. The good news about cat illnesses is that most are easily preventable; the bad news is that once your cat contracts an illness, it can be very difficult to treat. Even minor ailments can suggest major health problems. Some cat diseases are more dangerous than others. Read on to learn about some of the most serious ones.

 

5: Feline Leukemia Virus

Feline leukemia is a disease that spreads through urine, nose discharge and saliva. Cats  catch the disease mostly through bites, sharing food and water bowls. Simply living together also. Mother cats can pass the disease along to their kittens, and kittens are more likely to contract the disease than adult cats.

Some cats will immediately become ill upon contracting the virus, other cats, symptoms of the disease will not be seen for many weeks. Feline leukemia can result in a number of conditions, including system-wide infections, diarrhea, skin infections, eye disease, respiratory tract infections, bladder infections, infertility, anemia and cancer. Any severe chronic illness can be a sign of feline leukemia.

There is no cure for feline leukemia but the disease is easily preventable. Keeping your cat indoors and restricting exposure to other cats, a clean living environment and ensuring your cat is vaccinated help prevent feline leukemia. According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, veterinarians rarely see cases of feline leukemia among vaccinated cat populations.

 

4: Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Unlike human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), sexual contact is not a major factor in transmitting feline (FIV). It primarily spreads through bite wounds, and outdoor cats and territorial tomcats are most open to infection. However, unlike feline leukemia, casual contact through sharing food and water bowls doesn’t significantly the increase risk of contracting FIV. A mother cat may pass the virus along to her kittens, though this happens rarely.

Once the virus enters the bloodstream, it can remain dormant until it becomes an active disease. FIV is terminal because it targets the immune system. Cats that have the disease run an increased risk of enlarged lymph nodes, ulcers of the tongue, inflamed gums, progressive weight loss, poor coat and skin disease, diarrhea, anemia, eye disease and cancer.

To prevent FIV just keep your cat indoors and up to date on his or her vaccinations. Vaccinating for this virus after your cat is at least 8 weeks old can prevent infection about 60 to 80 percent of the time after three doses

 

3: Kidney Disease/Renal Failure

Renal failure, which is caused by kidney disease, is one of the leading causes of death in older cats. Kidney disease includes age, genetics and environmental factors such as access ingesting poisonous substances. Renal failure in cats can take be in two forms: acute or chronic. Acute renal failure is associated with a sudden stop of kidney function, while chronic renal failure results from a progressive deterioration of kidney function.

Excessive urination, increased thirst, nausea, a grinding or cracking sound in the jaw, vomiting, dehydration, constipation, loss of appetite, weight loss, halitosis (ammonia smell) and lethargy are parts if Kidney Failure. When your cat is experiencing any of these symptoms, your vet can test for kidney disease and renal failure. Urinalysis can test to see if the cat’s urine is diluted, which indicates that its kidneys aren’t passing waste. Blood tests can check on creatinine and BUN (blood urea nitrogen) levels. An elevated creatinine level can be a sign of loss of kidney function.

Although there is no cure for feline kidney disease, you can treat it through adjustments to your cat’s diet, medication and diuresis (hydration therapy). According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, the animals receiving treatment can survive for long periods of time using only 5 to 8 percent of their renal tissue.

 

2: Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper

Feline panleukopenia, also known as feline distemper, is a highly contagious viral disease in cats. Kittens are most at risk, and they almost always die. Unfortunately even if given treatment after contracting the disease. It can spread through bodily fluids, feces and fleas, and is usually transmitted by contaminated food and water bowls, litter trays and clothing.

Feline distemper affects cats’ intestinal tract and attacks their immune systems. Cats suffering from the disease are likely to experience diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, malnutrition and anemia. Symptoms include depression, loss of appetite, lethargy, and tail and back leg biting.

Treatment of feline panleukopenia is aggressive, since the disease can kill within a day of contraction. Cats usually receive blood transfusions, antibiotics and vitamin injections to combat the disease. Vets see few cases of feline panleukopenia among vaccinated cats, but infection rates remain extremely high in unvaccinated populations. In order to prevent feline panleukemia, just vaccinate your cat and keep it away from unvaccinated and feral animals.

 

1: Feline Rabies

According to The Merck Veterinary Manual, cats are reported rabid more often than any other domesticated animal in theUnited States!! Feline rabies is one of the most dangerous cat diseases, because it doesn’t infect just cats, it can be passed along to humans too. Rather than cat-to-cat transmission, feline rabies usually spreads to cats through bites from mostly wild animals. This debilitating and degenerative disease attacks the nervous system.

Rabies can be deceptively slow moving; the disease can incubate in a cat’s system for as many as two, three to even  five weeks. Symptoms include very poor coordination, conjunctivitis, yowling, drooling, fever, strange behavior, depression and weight loss. There is no treatment or cure for feline rabies. The best you can do is make sure your cat is vaccinated against the disease, and keep it inside to avoid contact with infected animals.